The main factor determining differentiation of bipotential gonads into testes or ovaries is the presence or absence of SRY (sex-determining region on Y chromosome) gene. De la Chapelle syndrome is a chromosomal anomaly with chromosomal makeup of a female (46, XX) and phenotypic presentation of a male. Previously known as XX sex reversal, it is now called 46, XX testicular disorders of sexual development (DSD). Although rare, it presents as a major chromosomal anomaly, with SRY gene crossover proposed as an underlying aetiology in most patients. We report the case of a 25-year-old male who presented with infertility and was diagnosed with De 46, XX testicular DSD. He has a previous history of resected dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour (DNT). The differential diagnosis of 46, XX DSD and possible association/coincidental finding of DNT have been discussed. Karyotyping should be a part of the workup for every patient who presents with infertility and has azoospermia and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism.
- Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour (DNT)
- SRY gene
- Testicular disorder of sexual differentiation (DSDs)
- XX sex reversal