A comparison between wellness awareness among medical students

Rehana Rehman, Shahjahan Katpar, Mehwish Hussain, Rakhshaan Khan, Mukhtiar Baig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the dimensions of spiritual wellness as elements of quality care in medical students of private and public medical universities. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was carried out at private and public medical universities in Karachi from November 2013 to January 2015.Students from both genders and all ethnic groups19-23 years of age were included. The responses of spiritual wellness were obtained and evaluated on a four-point Likert's scale; score ranging from 0-3. Data was analysed using Predictive Analysis Software version 18. RESULTS: Out of 736 students, 286 (38.9%) were from public medical universities and 450 (61.1%) were from private-sector institutions. Students of both types of universities were aware of the concept of spiritual wellness but the level of awareness needed scaling up. Public-sector students had a stronger will, were more physically and mentally alert, more compassionate, empathetic and enthusiastic about their relationship with patients than their private-sector counterparts (p<0.05). They used spiritual wellness as a coping strategy to deal with difficult situations through religious activities. Though attentive listening was a predominant feature in both groups, the use of communication skills required particular attention to improve the element of compassionate care. CONCLUSIONS: Empowerment of spiritual wellness is more likely to enable medical students to be more compassionate towards their patients and strengthen doctor-patient relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-199
Number of pages4
JournalJPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • Spiritual wellness, Spirituality, Compassionate care, Medical Students, Pakistan.


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