A Framework for Pandemic Prediction Using Big Data Analytics

Imran Ahmed, Misbah Ahmad, Gwanggil Jeon, Francesco Piccialli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)


IoT (Internet of Things) devices and smart sensors are used in different life sectors, including industry, business, surveillance, healthcare, transportation, communication, and many others. These IoT devices and sensors produce tons of data that might be valued and beneficial for healthcare organizations if it becomes subject to analysis, which brings big data analytics into the picture. Recently, the novel coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) outbreak is seriously threatening human health, life, production, social interactions, and international relations. In this situation, the IoT and big data technologies have played an essential role in fighting against the pandemic. The applications might include the rapid collection of big data, visualization of pandemic information, breakdown of the epidemic risk, tracking of confirmed cases, tracking of prevention levels, and adequate assessment of COVID-19 prevention and control. In this paper, we demonstrate a health monitoring framework for the analysis and prediction of COVID-19. The framework takes advantage of Big data analytics and IoT. We perform descriptive, diagnostic, predictive, and prescriptive analysis applying big data analytics using a novel disease real data set, focusing on different pandemic symptoms. This work's key contribution is integrating Big Data Analytics and IoT to analyze and predict a novel disease. The neural network-based model is designed to diagnose and predict the pandemic, which can facilitate medical staff. We predict pandemic using neural networks and also compare the results with other machine learning algorithms. The results reveal that the neural network performs comparatively better with an accuracy rate of 99%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100190
JournalBig Data Research
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Big data analytics
  • COVID-19
  • Healthcare
  • IoT
  • Neural network


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