This is the first multicenter study from Pakistan exploring the prevalence, clinical presentations and treatment outcomes of Multiple Myeloma patients. This retrospective study involved data collection from hospital record system of four tertiary care referral hospitals of Pakistan including all patients diagnosed as having Multiple Myeloma from January 2014 to December 2018. The demographic details, clinical presentations, laboratory findings, treatment responses, and mortalities were evaluated. The progression-free survival and overall survival were analyzed considering relapse and mortality as the end points, respectively. For the progression-free survival, the Kaplan–Meier survival analysis and the log rank test were used to compare the survival function for chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) as opposed to chemotherapy alone (non-ASCT). The overall survival analysis was assessed by Kaplan–Meier survival analysis. This study identified 403 Multiple Myeloma patients in five years. The median age at presentation was 55 years. Bortezomib based drug regimens were the most commonly used initial treatments (57.5%). Forty three patients received ASCT. The progression-free survival median for ASCT and non-ASCT patients were 50 months (95% CI, 42–57.9 months) and 26 months (95% CI, 21.5–30.5 months), respectively. The cumulative probability of survival rate at 60 months was 80%. This study identified 403 Multiple Myeloma patients over 5 years in four tertiary care hospitals of Pakistan. It underscores the importance of autologous stem cell transplant in Myeloma patients and advocates improving its facilities in Pakistan.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2022|
- Multiple myeloma
- Treatment outcome