A rare case report: Left middle lobectomy in recurrent hemoptysis and chest infections of Kartagener syndrome patient

Alizeh Sonia Fatimi, Rida Wahab, Fatima Mir, Sara Iqbal, Saulat Hasnain Fatimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Kartagener syndrome is rare, with an incidence of 1 in 32,000 live births. It consists of a triad of bronchiectasis, situs inversus, and sinusitis. Normally, the middle lobe is part of the right lung, but due to situs inversus, the middle lobe is part of the left lung, making it prone to bronchiectasis and infections. Case report: We present a unique case of a 16-year-old adolescent with a known history of Kartagener syndrome who presented with recurrent chest infections and hemoptysis refractory to conservative management. He was diagnosed with bronchiectasis of the left middle lobe through a computed tomography (CT) scan and subsequently underwent a posterolateral thoracotomy and left middle lobectomy. This is a rare finding with limited literature available on such cases, to the best of our knowledge. Discussion: Conservative treatment is usually the first line of approach. However, in cases of recurrent chest infections and hemoptysis, surgical management is considered to prevent the infection from spreading to the healthy lung and to avoid life-threatening complications when medical therapy fails. Surgical intervention, while more invasive, can provide a definitive solution and improve the patient's quality of life. Conclusion: Early diagnosis of Kartagener syndrome is crucial for determining the appropriate management course. In patients presenting with recurrent hemoptysis and chest infections, surgical resection is an effective treatment approach to prevent complications and enhance long-term outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109910
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2024


  • Bronchiectasis
  • Kartagener syndrome
  • Left middle lobectomy
  • Recurrent pulmonary infections
  • Surgical resection


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