A scoping review establishes need for consensus guidance on reporting health equity in observational studies

Xiaoqin Wang, Omar Dewidar, Anita Rizvi, Jimmy Huang, Payaam Desai, Rebecca Doyle, Elizabeth Ghogomu, Tamara Rader, Stuart G. Nicholls, Alba Antequera, Alison Krentel, Beverley Shea, Billie Jo Hardy, Catherine Chamberlain, Charles S. Wiysonge, Cindy Feng, Clara Juando-Prats, Daeria O. Lawson, Ekwaro A. Obuku, Elizabeth KristjanssonErik von Elm, Harry Wang, Holly Ellingwood, Hugh Sharma Waddington, Jacqueline Ramke, Janet Elizabeth Jull, Janet Hatcher-Roberts, Janice Tufte, Julian Little, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Laura Weeks, Loveline Lum Niba, Luis Gabriel Cuervo, Luke Wolfenden, Mwenya Kasonde, Marc T. Avey, Melissa K. Sharp, Michael Johnson Mahande, Miriam Nkangu, Olivia Magwood, Peter Craig, Peter Tugwell, Sarah Funnell, Stephen G. Noorduyn, Tamara Kredo, Tanya Horsley, Taryn Young, Tomas Pantoja, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Andrea Martel, Vivian A. Welch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objectives: To evaluate the support from the available guidance on reporting of health equity in research for our candidate items and to identify additional items for the Strengthening Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology–Equity extension. Study Design and Setting: We conducted a scoping review by searching Embase, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Cochrane Methodology Register, LILACS, and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information up to January 2022. We also searched reference lists and gray literature for additional resources. We included guidance and assessments (hereafter termed “resources”) related to conduct and/or reporting for any type of health research with or about people experiencing health inequity. Results: We included 34 resources, which supported one or more candidate items or contributed to new items about health equity reporting in observational research. Each candidate item was supported by a median of six (range: 1–15) resources. In addition, 12 resources suggested 13 new items, such as “report the background of investigators”. Conclusion: Existing resources for reporting health equity in observational studies aligned with our interim checklist of candidate items. We also identified additional items that will be considered in the development of a consensus-based and evidence-based guideline for reporting health equity in observational studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-140
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Clinical Epidemiology
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Health equity
  • Observational studies
  • Reporting guideline
  • Reporting item
  • STROBE_Equity
  • Scoping review


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