Acceptance of team-based learning by students and faculty: A pilot study

Rehana Rehman, Saara Ahmad, Syeda Pinar Nasir, Rahila Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background & Objective: Team-Based Learning (TBL) is an interactive instructional approach characterized by collaborative peer teaching in both large and small group settings. The study aims to assess usefulness of the TBL in enhancing student learning outcomes and engagement in graduate classes. Methods: This mixed method study was conducted from January 2023 till July 2023 at the Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences at Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan, a questionnaire was distributed to graduate students in Endocrine and Reproductive course after TBL on ‘Hormonal changes in Pregnancy’. Focus group discussion (FGD) was held with facilitator of this TBL and the students; results of both arms were then triangulated. Results: All (four) students responded affirmatively regarding guided self-preparation, quality of application exercises, satisfaction in terms of student’s engagement, a positive attitude and self-accountability. Themes identified by FGD of both students and facilitators were ‘Students Engagement in Peer Learning, ‘Conducive Learning Environment’, “Time is Capital in TBL’ and ‘Conceptual learning.’ Conclusion: The pilot study confirmed the utility of TBL by students as well as the facilitators. Students came with prior preparation, got engaged in problem-solving activities and received feedback from peers and the expert facilitators. The conducive environment enhanced their engagement, enabled them to actively apply the content and benefit from guided supervision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1005
Number of pages5
JournalPakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2024


  • Self-accountability
  • Students engagement
  • Team Based Learning


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