OBJECTIVE: To see the clinical features and treatment of children with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) in Pakistan. SETTING: Tertiary referral at a specialist Hematology/Oncology center. METHODS: Retrospective, chart-based review of children (less than 14 years) admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of AML between January 1987 and August 1997. RESULTS: A total of 23 patients were admitted. There were 18 males and 5 females. The mean age was 8 +/- 5 years. M3 was the commonest morphological subtype (43%). Twenty-two percent of the patients presented with hyperleucocytosis (TLC > 100 x 10(9)/L) and 95% with an elevated LDH (> 548 IU/L). Pneumonia at presentation was seen in 29%. Of 23 patients 14 were evaluable for responses. Six patients died early (43%); 3 before starting the chemotherapy and 3 during the induction chemotherapy, 8/11 (73%) patients entered remission. The median survival was 9 months. CONCLUSION: The pediatric patients with acute myeloid leukemia present with advanced disease. There is a high early death rate (within 28 days of diagnosis). The long-term outcome was inferior to that reported in the literature.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2002|