Adaptation, acceptability and feasibility of Problem Management Plus (PM+) intervention to promote the mental health of young people living with HIV in Kenya: Formative mixed-methods research

Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Eva Mwangome, Paul Mwangi, Carophine Nasambu, Judy Wanjiru Mbuthia, Hans M. Koot, Pim Cuijpers, Charles R.J.C. Newton, Amina Abubakar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Problem Management Plus (PM+) is a psychological intervention that seeks to address common mental disorders among individuals exposed to adversity. Thus far, the potential for delivering PM+ by mobile phones has not been evaluated. Aims To adapt PM+ for telephone delivery (ten weekly sessions of about 45 min each) and preliminarily evaluate its acceptability and feasibility with young people living with HIV (YLWH) in coastal Kenya. Method This was a mixed-method formative research. Qualitative data collection included consultations with stakeholders, conducting key informant interviews with HIV care providers and focus group discussions with potential end-users, i.e. YLWH. Moreover, brief exit interviews with recipients of the adapted PM+ were conducted. Quantitative acceptability and feasibility indicators and outcome measures were tracked/assessed during PM+ preliminary implementation involving 70 YLWH. Results From the qualitative inquiries, the adapted PM+ emerged as contextually appropriate, acceptable and feasible for mobile phone delivery, despite some concerns around missing nonverbal cues and poor network connectivity. High recruitment (85%) and fair programme retention (69%) were observed. Intervention sessions over the telephone lasted 46 min on average (range 42-55 min). Preliminary feasibility data indicated that the adapted PM+ has the potential of reducing common mental disorders among YLWH from the Kenyan coast. Conclusions PM+ is acceptable and can feasibly be delivered via mobile phone to YLWH in coastal Kenya. This study sets the stage for a future fully powered, randomised controlled trial assessing the efficacy of the adapted PM+ in this or a similar setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere161
JournalBJPsych Open
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2022

Keywords

  • Common mental disorders
  • HIV infections
  • Problem Management Plus
  • acceptability and feasibility
  • young people

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