Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system for prediction of surgery time for ischemic stroke patients

Rahma Ali, Uvais Qidwai, Saadat K. Ilyas, Naveed Akhtar, Ayman Alboudi, Arsalan Ahmed, Jihad Inshasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the advent of machine learning techniques, creation and utilization of prediction models for different medical procedures including prediction of diagnosis, treatment and recovery of different medical conditions has become the norm. Recent studies focus on the automation of infarction volume growth rate prediction by the utilization of machine learning techniques. These techniques when effectively applied, could significantly help in reducing the time needed to attend to stroke patients. We propose, in this proposal, a Fuzzy Inference System that can determine when a stroke patient should undergo Decompressive Hemicraniectomy. The second infarction volume growth rate and the decision whether a patient needs to undergo this procedure, both predicted outputs of two trained models, act as inputs to this system. While the initial prediction model, that which predictsthesecondinfarctionvolumegrowthrateisadoptedfromanearliermodel,weproposethelatermodelin this paper. Three Machine Learning techniques - Support Vector Machine, Artificial Neural Network and Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System with and without the feature reduction technique of Principle Component Analysis were modelled and evaluated, the best of which was selected to model the proposed prediction model. We also defined the structure of Fuzzy Inference System along with its rules and obtained an overall accuracy of 95.7% with a precision of 1 showing promising results from the use of fuzzy logic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-69
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Integrated Engineering
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Artificial Neural Network
  • Infarct Growth Rate
  • Infarction Volume
  • Ischemic Stroke
  • Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System
  • Stroke
  • Support Vector Machine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system for prediction of surgery time for ischemic stroke patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this