An IoT-Based Deep Learning Framework for Early Assessment of Covid-19

Imran Ahmed, Awais Ahmad, Gwanggil Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Advancement in the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), along with machine learning, deep learning, and artificial intelligence techniques, initiated a world of possibilities in healthcare. It has an extensive range of applications: when connected to the Internet, ordinary medical devices and sensors can collect valuable data, deep learning, and artificial intelligence techniques utilize this data and give an insight of symptoms, trends and enable remote care. Recently, Covid-19 pandemic outbreak caused the death of a large number of people. This virus has infected millions of people, and still, the rate of infected people is increasing day by day. Researchers are endeavoring to utilize medical images and deep learning-based models for the detection of Covid-19. Various techniques have been presented that utilize X-Ray images of the chest for the detection of Covid-19. However, the importance of regional-based convolutional neural networks (CNNs) is currently confined. Thus, this research aimed to introduce an IoT-based deep learning framework for early assessment of Covid-19. This framework can reduce the working pressure of medical experts/radiologists and contribute to the pandemic control. A deep learning-based model, i.e., faster regions with CNNs (Faster-RCNN) with ResNet-101, is applied on X-Ray images of the chest for Covid-19 detection. It uses region proposal network (RPN) to perform detection. By employing the model, we achieve a detection accuracy of 98%. Therefore, we believe that the system might be capable in order to assist medical expert/radiologist, to verify early assessment toward Covid-19.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15855-15862
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Covid-19
  • Internet of Medical Things (IoMT)
  • ResNet-101
  • deep learning
  • faster regions with CNN (Faster-RCNN)


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