An IoT-based human detection system for complex industrial environment with deep learning architectures and transfer learning

Imran Ahmed, Marco Anisetti, Gwanggil Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Artificial intelligence (AI), combined with the Internet of Things (IoT), plays a beneficial role in various fields, including intelligent surveillance applications. With IoT and 5G advancement, intelligent sensors, and devices in the surveillance environment collect large amounts of data in the form of videos and images. These collected data require intelligent information processing solutions, help analyze the recorded videos and images to detect and identify various objects in the scene, particularly humans. In this study, an automated human detection system is presented for a complex industrial environment, in which people are monitored/detected from a top view perspective. A top view is usually preferred because it can provide sufficient coverage and enough visibility of a scene. This study demonstrates the applications, efficiency, and effectiveness of deep learning architectures, that is, Faster Region Convolutional Neural Network (Faster R-CNN), Single Shot MultiBox Detector (SSD), and You Only Look Once (YOLOv3), with transfer learning. Experimental results reveal that with additional training and transfer learning, the performance of all detection architectures is significantly improved. The detection results are also compared using the same data set. The deep learning architectures achieve promising results with maximum true-positive rate of 93%, 94%, and 94% for Faster-RCNN, SSD, and YOLOv3, respectively. Furthermore, a detailed study is performed on output results that highlight challenges and probable future trends.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10249-10267
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Intelligent Systems
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • artificial intelligence
  • complex industrial environment
  • deep learning
  • internet of things
  • person detection
  • top view

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