Are Kenyans Likely to Use COVID-19 Self-Testing Kits? Results From a Cross-Sectional Survey

Griffins Manguro, Sonjelle Shilton, Sharon Omenda, Patrica Owira, Deepshikha Batheja, Abhik Banerji, Sophie Vusha Chabeda, Marleen Temmerman, Walter Jako, Joseph Ndungu, Stanley Luchters, Elena Ivanova Reipold, Guillermo Z. Martínez-Pérez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To understand the public’s perceptions around rapid SARS-CoV-2 antigen self-testing in Kenya, including the drivers of acceptability, willingness to pay, and adherence to hygiene and prevention recommendations following a positive self-test. Methods: A household-based, cross-sectional survey, using a 35-item questionnaire, was conducted in Mombasa and Taita–Taveta counties, Kenya, during August 2021. Individuals aged ≥18 years were enrolled using a stratified sampling approach. Results: There were 419 participants (mean age 35.7 years). A minority (10.5%) had ever tested for SARS-CoV-2. If SARS-CoV-2 self-testing were available, 39.9% and 41.5% would be likely and very likely, respectively, to use it. If unavailable free-of-charge, 63.01% would pay for it. Multivariate analyses suggested that people in rural areas (Coefficient 0.30, 95%CI: 0.11–0.48, p = 0.002), aged 36–55 (Coefficient 0.21, 95%CI: 0.03–0.40, p = 0.023), and employed full time (Coefficient 0.32, 95%CI: 0.06–0.58, p = 0.016) would have more odds to adhere to recommended hygiene and prevention actions. Conclusion: SARS-CoV-2 self-testing was considered acceptable. Availability of self-testing could expand access to COVID-19 testing in Kenya, particularly among rural communities who have limited access to testing, and among mildly symptomatic individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1604918
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2022


  • COVID-19
  • Kenya
  • SARS-CoV-2 testing
  • home diagnostics
  • self-testing
  • survey


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