Artificial intelligence in dentistry, orthodontics and Orthognathic surgery: A literature review

Tania Arshad Siddiqui, Rashna Hoshang Sukhia, Dinaz Ghandhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Artificial intelligence is the ability of machines to work like humans. The concept initially began with the advent of mathematical models which gave calculated outputs based on inputs fed into the system. This was later modified with the introduction of various algorithms which can either give output based on overall data analysis or by selection of information within previous data. It is steadily becoming a favoured mode of treatment due to its efficiency and ability to manage complex conditions in all specialities. In dentistry, artificial intelligence has also popularised over the past few decades. They have been found useful for diagnosis in restorative dentistry, oral pathology and oral surgery. In orthodontics, they have been utilised for diagnosis, assessment of treatment needs, cephalometrics, treatment planning and orthognathic surgeries etc. The current literature review was planned to highlight the uses of artificial intelligence in dentistry, specifically in orthodontics and orthognathic surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S91-S96
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Dentistry
  • Diagnosis
  • Orthodontics
  • Orthognathic surgery


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