Assessment of post-myocardial infarction lipid levels and management: Results from a tertiary care hospital of Pakistan

Rubina Rauf, Muhammad Ismail Soomro, Muhamman Nauman Khan, Mukesh Kumar, Najia Aslam Soomro, Khawar Abbas Kazmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND Lipid treatment practices and levels in post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients, which are crucial for secondary prevention. AIM To evaluate the lipid treatment practices and lipid levels in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed patients who had experienced their first AMI event in the past 3 years. We assessed fasting and non-fasting lipid profiles, reviewed statin therapy prescriptions, and examined patient compliance. The recommended dose was defined as rosuvastatin ≥ 20 mg or atorvastatin ≥ 40 mg, with target total cholesterol levels set at < 160 mg/dL and target low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) at < 55 mg/dL. RESULTS Among 195 patients, 71.3% were male, and the mean age was 57.1 ± 10.2 years. The median duration since AMI was 36 (interquartile range: 10-48) months and 60% were diagnosed with ST-segment elevation MI. Only 13.8% of patients were advised to undergo lipid profile testing after AMI, 88.7% of patients were on the recommended statin therapy, and 91.8% of patients were compliant with statin therapy. Only 11.5% had LDL-C within the target range and 71.7% had total cholesterol within the target range. Hospital admission in the past 12 months was reported by 14.4%, and the readmission rate was significantly higher among non-compliant patients (37.5% vs 5.6%). Subsequent AMI event rate was also significantly higher among non-compliant patients (43.8% vs 11.7%). CONCLUSION Our study highlights that while most post-AMI patients received the recommended minimum statin therapy dose, the inadequate practice of lipid assessment may compromise therapy optimization and raise the risk of subsequent events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-292
Number of pages11
JournalWorld Journal of Cardiology
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Lipid lowering therapy
  • Lipid profile
  • Secondary prevention

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment of post-myocardial infarction lipid levels and management: Results from a tertiary care hospital of Pakistan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this