Association Between Ki-67 Proliferative Index and Oncotype-Dx Recurrence Score in Hormone Receptor-Positive, HER2-Negative Early Breast Cancers. A Systematic Review of the Literature

Mehwish Mooghal, Muhammad Ali Akbar Khan, Mirza Rameez Samar, Hafsa Shaikh, Azmina Tajdin Valimohammad, Romana Idrees, Yasmin Abdul Rashid, Abida K. Sattar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Oncotype-Dx (ODx) is a 21-gene assay used as a prognostic and predictive tool for hormone receptor (HR)-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, node-negative, or 1 to 3 lymph node-positive early breast cancers (EBCs). The cost of the test, which is not available in low-middle income countries (LMICs), is not within the means of most individuals. The Ki-67 index is a marker of tumor proliferation that is cost-effective and easily performed and has been substituted in many cases to obtain prognostic information. Objective: We aimed to identify the correlation between the ODx recurrence score (RS) and the Ki-67 index in HR-positive EBCs and to determine whether Ki-67, like the ODx, can help facilitate clinical decision-making. Design: Systematic review correlating Ki-67 index and ODx in HR-positive and HER2-negative EBCs as per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Data sources and methods: We searched different databases between January 2010 and May 2023 and included retrospective/prospective cohorts, clinical trials, case-control, and cross-sectional studies involving HR-positive and HER2-negative EBCs correlating the Ki-67 index and ODx RS categories. Results: Of the 18 studies included, 16 indicated a positive or weakly positive correlation between ODx and the Ki-67 index. The combined P value of the included studies is <0.05 (P =.000), which shows a statistical significance between the 2. Our review also discusses the potential of machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) in Ki-67 assessment, offering a cost-effective and reproducible alternative. Conclusion: Even although there are limitations, studies indicate a favorable association between ODx and the Ki-67 index in specific situations. This implies that Ki-67 can offer important predictive details, especially regarding the likelihood of relapse in HR-positive EBC. This is particularly significant in LMICs where financial constraints often hinder the availability of costly diagnostic tests.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBreast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • clinical decision-making
  • genotype
  • immunohistochemistry
  • Ki-67 Antigen

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