Association between Suicide Rate and Human Development Index, Income, and the Political System in 46 Muslim-Majority Countries: An Ecological Study

S. M.Yasir Arafat, Marthoenis Marthoenis, Murad M. Khan, Mohsen Rezaeian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Very little has been researched assessing the relationship between the suicide rate and the ecological perspectives of the country, especially in the Muslim majority countries. We aimed to determine the association between suicide rate and the ecological parameters of 46 Muslim majority countries. We extracted the Muslim majority countries and their suicide rate, income distribution, distribution of the WHO region and continents, and Human Development Index (HDI). We assessed the correlation of the proportion of Muslim populations, the total population of the countries, number of suicides, continent, income group, political system, and HDI score with the suicide rate. The median suicide rate was 5.45 (IQR = 4.8); 2.9 (IQR = 4) in females and 7.45 (IQR = 8.2) in males per 100,000 population. The males had a significantly higher rate and the highest suicide rate was found in Africa. There are inverse associations between the total suicide rate, the rate in males, and females with HDI, and the income of the country. Furthermore, the suicide rate was significantly higher in countries with democratic systems compared to non-democratic countries. The findings suggest that ecological parameters may have an etiological role on suicides in Muslim countries where HDI and income are inversely associated with suicide rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)754-764
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Muslim country
  • human development index
  • income
  • political system
  • suicide

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