Association of sociodemographic factors with depression in women of reproductive age

Faridah Amir Ali, Rukhsana W. Zuberi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction. Women suffer disproportionately from depression, which has a high prevalence in developing countries. Sociodemographic factors are associated with depression, some of which may be modifiable and lead to better outcomes for depression among women. Objectives. To determine sociodemographic factors associated with depression among women of reproductive age in Karachi. Methods. A case control study was conducted on 376 women in 2 hospitals in Karachi. Patients were diagnosed by psychiatrists and family physicians by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) criteria and SRQ20. Results. The odds for women with depression being married for >5 years, being abused by in-laws, spending ≤3 hours per day with their spouses, and being just satisfied or not satisfied with their married life was more than that for controls. Conclusion. The authors' findings highlight the important modifiable risk factors for depression, which if addressed will help decrease the burden of depression among women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-172
Number of pages12
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


  • depression
  • developing country
  • women


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