Autism Spectrum Disorders in Africa: Current Challenges in Identification, Assessment, and Treatment

Kavita Ruparelia, Amina Abubakar, Eben Badoe, Muideen Bakare, Karren Visser, Diane C. Chugani, Harry T. Chugani, Kirsten A. Donald, Jo M. Wilmshurst, Andy Shih, David Skuse, Charles R. Newton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders has increased over recent years, however, little is known about the identification and management of autism spectrum disorder in Africa. This report summarizes a workshop on autism spectrum disorder in Africa under the auspices of the International Child Neurology Association and the African Child Neurology Association through guided presentations and working group reports, focusing on identification, diagnosis, management, and community support. A total of 47 delegates participated from 14 African countries. Although there was a huge variability in services across the countries represented, numbers of specialists assessing and managing autism spectrum disorder was small relative to populations served. Strategies were proposed to improve identification, diagnosis, management and support delivery for individuals with autism spectrum disorder across Africa in these culturally diverse, low-resource settings. Emphasis on raising public awareness through community engagement and improving access to information and training in autism spectrum disorder. Special considerations for the cultural, linguistic, and socioeconomic factors within Africa are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1018-1026
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Africa
  • autism
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • intellectual disability
  • international child neurology association
  • public awareness


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