Central administration of bombesin (BN) (into the ventricular system) increased circulating levels of ACTH, corticosterone, epinephrine, norepinephrine and glucose, indicating that this peptide activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathetic nervous system. We then assessed the potential contribution of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) system, in the mediation of these BN effects. Blockade of CRH receptors with αh-CRF (10 μg) attenuated or blocked the BN-induced rise in plasma ACTH, epinephrine, norepinephrine, glucose and corticosterone levels. These findings support the notion that BN-induced HPA axis and sympathetic activation are mediated, at least in part, via activation of CRH neurons.
- Gastrin-releasing peptide