Burn injury characteristics: Findings from Pakistan National Emergency Department Surveillance Study

Emaduddin Siddiqui, Nukhba Zia, Asher Feroze, Safia Awan, Arifa Liaquat Ali, Junaid Abdul Razzak, Adnan A. Hyder, Asad Latif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Burn injury is an important yet under-researched area in Pakistan. The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics and associated outcomes of burn injury patients presenting to major emergency departments in Pakistan. Methods: Pakistan National Emergency Department Surveillance (Pak-NEDS) was a pilot active surveillance conducted between November 2010 and March 2011. Information related to patient demographics, mode of arrival, cause of burn injury, and outcomes was analyzed for this paper. Data were entered using Epi Info and analyzed using SPSS v.20. Ethical approval was obtained from all participating sites. Results: There were 403 burn injury patients in Pak-NEDS, with a male to female ratio 2:1. About 48.9% of the burn injury patients (n = 199) were between 10 - 29 years of age. There was no statistically significant difference between unintentional and intentional burn injury patients except for body part injured (p-value 0.004) and ED disposition (p-value 0.025). Among 21 patients who died, most were between 40 - 49 years of age (61.9%) and suffered from fire burns (81%). Conclusion: Burn injuries are a burden on emergency rooms in Pakistan. We were able to demonstrate the significant burden of burn injuries that is not addressed by specialized burn centers.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberS5
JournalBMC Emergency Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2015


  • Burns
  • Pakistan
  • Surveillance


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