C. auris and non-C. auris candidemia in hospitalized adult and pediatric COVID-19 patients; Single center data from Pakistan

Safia Moin, Joveria Farooqi, Salima Rattani, Nosheen Nasir, Sadaf Zaka, Kauser Jabeen

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22 Citations (Scopus)


We compared candidemia due to Candida auris and other non-C.auris cases in hospitalized COVID-19 patients over a period of 9 months at our institution. Candidemia cases in all admitted patients (with or without COVID-19) from April to December 2020 were identified. Electronic records were accessed to record clinical data of COVID-19 patients with candidemia. For statistical analysis, independent samples Mann-Whitney U test was used for continuous and Fisher's exact test was used for categorical variables. A total of 26 candidemia cases (four C.auris, 22 non-C.auris) in 2438 admitted COVID-19 (10.7 per 1000 admissions) and 59 candidemia cases (six C.auris, 53 non-C.auris) in admitted non-COVID patients (8.2 per 1000 admission) were identified. The proportion of C.auris candidemia in COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients was 15.4 and 10%, respectively. 4/26 of COVID-19 candidemia patients were aged ≤ 15 years (10 months-15 years). Comparison of C.auris and non-C. auris candidemia cases reveal significant difference in prior antifungal exposure, present in 100% C. auris candidemia versus 27% non-C. auris candidemia patients (P-value 0.014). Although not statistically significant, C. auris candidemia patients had a longer stay in hospital before candidemia (20 vs. 9 days), higher isolation rate of multidrug resistant bacteria (100 vs. 50%), increased rate of prior colonization of Candida species (50 vs. 14%) and lower mean beta-d-glucan levels (48.73 pg/ml vs. 138.146 pg/ml). Both C. auris and non-C. auris COVID-19 patients had similar mortality rate (67 vs. 65%). A significant number of critically ill COVID-19 patients developed candidemia in our study highlighting the need for prompt diagnosis and management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1238-1242
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Mycology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


  • COVID-19
  • Candida auris
  • Candidemia
  • Fungal infection
  • Pakistan


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