OBJECTIVE: To explore cardiovascular risk factors in people with newly-diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The cross-sectional, prospective, multicentre, study was conducted from June 2014 till July 2015 at family practice clinics in 27 cities across Pakistan, and comprised individuals aged 30-50 years diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus within the preceding six months. Laboratory investigations were conducted at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore, and Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. The 10-year absolute risk of fatal or non-fatal coronary heart disease and stroke was calculated using the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study Risk Engine version 2.0. Data were analysed using SPSS 19. RESULTS: Out of 888 subjects, 362(40.8%) were women and 526(59.2%) were men. The overall mean presenting age was 42.4�}5.8 years. After stratification by age, those ≥40 years were significantly associated with higher glycated haemoglobin (p=0.02) and those ≤39 years were associated with higher levels of very low density lipoprotein (p=0.001) and triglyceride (p=0.006). The mean risk estimate for CHD was 9.7% (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 9.0- 10.1)), for fatal CHD 4.4% (95% CI 4.0-4.6), for stroke 1.5% (95% CI 1.2-1.7), and for fatal stroke 0.25% (95% CI 0.24- 0.26). CONCLUSIONS: There is a need for screening cardiovascular risk factors even in younger age groups of newlydiagnosed diabetes.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2019|
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Cardiovascular disease, Dyslipidaemia, Risk factors.