Case Study of Pediatric Cerebral Sinus Venous Thrombosis Center of a Low Middle-Income Country

Bushra Moiz, Ronika Devi Ukrani, Aiman Arif, Inaara Akbar, Muhammed Wahhaab Sadiq, Sadaf Altaf

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Pediatric cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is rare but a potentially fatal disease requiring its understanding in local setting. In this study, we observed the clinical course, management, and outcome of pediatric patients with sinus thrombosis in a tertiary care center at Pakistan. Patients between age 0 to 18 years of both genders diagnosed with sinus thrombosis during 2011 to 2020 were included. Data was collected through in-house computerized system and SPSS version 19 was used for analysis. Of 143492 pediatric admissions, 32 (21 males and 11 females) patients with a median (IQR) age of 4.5 years (0-16) had CVST. This is equivalent to 18.5 CVST events per million pediatric admissions. Adolescents were mostly affected, and the overall mortality was 7%. Primary underlying disorders were infections (59%), hematological neoplasms (12.5%), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (3%) and antiphospholipid syndrome (3%). Activated protein C resistance (44%) was the most common inherited thrombophilia. Twenty-one (66%) patients were anemic with a mean (±SD) hemoglobin of 9.0 g/dL (±2.3). Regression analysis showed a positive association of anemia with multiple sinus involvement (P-value 0.009) but not with duration of symptoms (P-value 0.344), hospital stay (P-value 0.466), age (P-value 0.863) or gender (P-value 0.542) of the patients. SARS-COV2 was negative in patients during 2020. Adolescents were primarily affected by sinus thrombosis and infections was the predominant risk factor for all age groups, with a low all-cause mortality. A high index of clinical suspicion is required for prompt diagnosis and intervention.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis
Volume27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • cerebral vein thrombosis
  • infection
  • neonates
  • pediatric thrombosis

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