Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to identify cephalometric predictors associated with favourable soft tissue profile outcomes after premolars extraction and non-extraction in class I malocclusion subjects. Materials and methods: A total of 80 subjects, treated with non-extraction and premolars extraction (40 subjects each), were equally divided into favourable (FG) and unfavourable (UFG) groups using subjective and objective soft tissue profile outcome assessment methods. An independent t-test was utilized for the comparison of cephalometric measurements between the non-extraction (NE) and premolars extraction (PME) treatment modalities. Cox proportional hazard algorithm regression analysis was performed to identify cephalometric factors associated with favourable soft tissue outcomes. Results: The pre-treatment mean age of the NE group was 20.2 ± 2.3 and PME group was 20.2 ± 2.5 years. After dividing the sample of the NE and PME groups according to subjective and objective soft-tissue outcome assessment criteria, FG and UFG consisted of 20 subjects each. Cox proportional hazard algorithm regression analysis found upper incisor to NA angle (95% CI: 1.033, 1.196) to be associated with FG in NE and upper incisor to SN (95% CI: 1.018, 1.206) and ANB angle (95% CI:1.165, 3.608) in PME. There was a statistically significant strong correlation between subjective and objective evaluation methods (P ≤ 0.001). Conclusions: Cephalometric analysis is a valuable tool to predict soft-tissue outcomes after NE and PME. Increased upper incisors inclinations at the start of NE treatment result in favourable soft tissue profile outcomes. Slightly convex profile and proclined maxillary incisors are the predictors of favourable soft tissue profile outcome after PME. There was a statistically significant association between subjective and objective evaluation criteria of soft tissue outcomes.
- Angle class I
- Soft tissue