Changes in the patterns, presentation and management of penetrating chest trauma patients at a level II trauma centre in Southern Pakistan over the last two decades

Umer Muhammad Tariq, Ahmad Faruque, Hamza Ansari, Mansoor Ahmad, Umar Rashid, Shazia Perveen, Hasanat Sharif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Penetrating chest trauma can be used as an indicator of violence in the country. We aimed to look at the changes in its incidence and management at a major trauma centre in the country. We also wanted to look at any effect of prehospital time on surgical intervention and outcome of the victim. In this retrospective descriptive study, we observed the presentation and management of 191 penetrating chest injury patients at a level II trauma hospital in Pakistan in the last 20 years. The study sample was divided into two groups: Group 1, 1988-1998 and Group 2, 1999-2009. No significant change in incidence of trauma was observed between the two groups. The delay in the time between event and arrival showed an increase in the number of surgical procedures performed. Also the number of thoracotomies performed went up significantly in the second decade from 5.7 to 16.5% with a P≤0.05. Six (3.1%) mortality cases were observed in 20 years. It was seen that the greater the prehospital time, the greater the chances of surgery. Also seen was the increase in mortality as critical cases could make it to the hospital alive in recent times due to improved transportation services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-27
Number of pages4
JournalInteractive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Chest trauma
  • Injury severity score
  • Penetrating injury
  • Thoracotomy

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