Cigarette smokers’ perceptions of smoking cessation and associated factors in Karachi, Pakistan

Rubina Barolia, Sajid Iqbal, Salim S. Virani, Faris Khan, Pammla Petrucka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: The study explored the perceptions of adult smokers with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases regarding cigarette smoking cessation. We also explored factors that may hinder or facilitate smoking cessation process. Design: Qualitative descriptive exploratory design. Sample: Purposive sample of 13 adult smokers with cardiovascular or respiratory diseases visiting outpatient cardiac and respiratory clinics at a private tertiary care hospital. Measurements: In-depth, face-to-face, and semi-structured interviews were conducted. The interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim followed by a six steps process of manual thematic analysis of data. Results: Meaningful statements were assigned codes and grouped into categories. Categories were clustered under three themes representing individual factors, socio-cultural factors, and institutional factors. Conclusions: Smoking cessation is influenced by personal, cultural, as well as social aspects. Institutionally, there is a need to recognize that smoking is a learned behavior; hence, prohibiting public smoking will potentially contribute to non-smoking behaviors. Although the nature of misconceptions varies, this is imperative to ensure consistency in messaging, programming, and supports led by healthcare professionals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-389
Number of pages9
JournalPublic Health Nursing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022


  • Pakistan
  • smoking
  • smoking cessation/interventions/strategies


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