Clinical and Molecular Spectrum of Autosomal Recessive CA8-Related Cerebellar Ataxia

Rauan Kaiyrzhanov, Juan Darío Ortigoza-Escobar, Brett W. Stringer, Manizha Ganieva, Vykuntaraju K. Gowda, Varunvenkat M. Srinivasan, Alfons Macaya, Andreas Laner, Enas Onbool, Randa Al-Shammari, Mohammed Al-Owain, Nicolas Deconinck, Catheline Vilain, Pauline Dontaine, Eleanor Self, Rabia Akram, Ghulam Hussain, Shahid Mahmood Baig, Javed Iqbal, Vincenzo SalpietroMaedeh Neshatdoust, Mahboubeh Kasiri, Gozde Yesil, Turkan Uygur, Karen Pysden, Ian R. Berry, Cesar Augusto Alves, Jean Giacomotto, Henry Houlden, Reza Maroofian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Based on a limited number of reported families, biallelic CA8 variants have currently been associated with a recessive neurological disorder named, cerebellar ataxia, mental retardation, and dysequilibrium syndrome 3 (CAMRQ-3). Objectives: We aim to comprehensively investigate CA8-related disorders (CA8-RD) by reviewing existing literature and exploring neurological, neuroradiological, and molecular observations in a cohort of newly identified patients. Methods: We analyzed the phenotype of 27 affected individuals from 14 families with biallelic CA8 variants (including data from 15 newly identified patients from eight families), ages 4 to 35 years. Clinical, genetic, and radiological assessments were performed, and zebrafish models with ca8 knockout were used for functional analysis. Results: Patients exhibited varying degrees of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD), along with predominantly progressive cerebellar ataxia and pyramidal signs and variable bradykinesia, dystonia, and sensory impairment. Quadrupedal gait was present in only 10 of 27 patients. Progressive selective cerebellar atrophy, predominantly affecting the superior vermis, was a key diagnostic finding in all patients. Seven novel homozygous CA8 variants were identified. Zebrafish models demonstrated impaired early neurodevelopment and motor behavior on ca8 knockout. Conclusion: Our comprehensive analysis of phenotypic features indicates that CA8-RD exhibits a wide range of clinical manifestations, setting it apart from other subtypes within the category of CAMRQ. CA8-RD is characterized by cerebellar atrophy and should be recognized as part of the autosomal-recessive cerebellar ataxias associated with NDD. Notably, the presence of progressive superior vermis atrophy serves as a valuable diagnostic indicator.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMovement Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • CA8
  • ataxia
  • cerebellar atrophy
  • vermis atrophy

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