Objectives: The objectives of the study were to evaluate the clinical presentation, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) features, and outcomes of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Material and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care center of Pakistan. All patients who underwent CMR for further evaluation of DCM during the period of 2011–2019 and in whom CMR confirmed the diagnosis of DCM, were included in the study. Patients were followed up in the year 2020 for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular hospitalizations. Results: A total of 75 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 38.7 ± 13 with the majority (n = 57, 76%) being male. Dyspnea was the most common presenting symptom (n = 68, 90.7%). The mean left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) by CMR was 29.3 ± 12 and mean left ventricle stroke volume (LVSV) was 66.5 ± 31. Late gadolinium enhanced (LGE) was present in 28 (37.3%) patients. Follow-up was available in 61 patients with the mean follow-up duration of 39.7 ± 27 months. Most patients (40, 65.6%) experienced all-cause major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) during the follow-up and mortality was observed in 10 (16.4%) patients. LVSV by CMR (P = 0.03), LVEF by CMR (P = 0.02), and presence of pericardial effusion (PE) (P = 0.01) were significantly associated with all-cause MACE. On multiregression analysis, SV by CMR was associated with all cause MACE (P = 0.048). The presence of LGE was associated with higher mortality (P = 0.03). Conclusion: LVSV, LVEF by CMR, and PE were significantly associated with all-cause MACE. LGE was associated with higher mortality. Our cohort had a relatively younger age of presentation and diagnosis, and a greater mortality on follow-up, when compared with other regions of the world.
- Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
- Dilated cardiomyopathy
- Late gadolinium enhancement
- Non-ischemic cardiomyopathy