Clinical decision unit, an extension of emergency department: An experience and advantage in a tertiary care centre

Irum Qamar Khan, Emaduddin Siddiqui, Shahan Waheed, Munawar Khursheed, Badar Afzal Khan, Sayyeda Ghazala Kazi, Muhammad Daniyal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To evaluate the clinical decision unit of a tertiary care health facility and to see the disease pattern. Methodology: The cross-sectional retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Emergency Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from September to October 2011, and comprised data of patients admitted to the clinical decision unit from January to December 2010. The protocols were developed for 7 diseases: acute coronary syndrome, ureteric colic, abdominal pain, bronchial asthma, gastroenteritis with dehydration, headache, and minor head injury. Data-collection proforma recorded demographics, dates of admission, presenting complaints at triage, diagnosis at admission, final disposition and bounce back of the patients. Data was analysed using Microsoft Excel 2007. Results: Of the 1515 patients whose data was analysed, 824(54%) were males. The overall age ranged from newborns to 93 years. Further, 904(60%) patients had presented to the triage counter as P3 category. Acute gastroenteritis was the most common complaint 240(15.84%). Of the total, 1311(87%) were sent home from the clinical decision unit; 39(2.8%) of them bounced back with the same complaint. Overall, 2(0.2%) adult patients expired. Conclusion: The unit evaluated had a productive initial year. Acute gastroenteritis was the most common protocol in use, but other protocols should also be developed to address local needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-298
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • CDU
  • ED


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