Clinical outcomes and prevalence of intravascular ultrasound use at a tertiary care hospital in a South Asian Country

Nasir Rahman, Ihsan Ullah, Ghufran Adnan, Maria Ali Khan, Awais Farhad, Izat Shah, Jabir Abidi

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Abstract

Objectives: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) plays a pivotal role in the current era of coronary interventions. We aimed to determine the prevalence of IVUS use and clinical outcomes of IVUS-guided percutaneous treatment of coronary arteries lesions in a South Asian country. Material and Methods: It is a retrospective observational study, a total of 134 consecutive patients having done IVUS, was enrolled from January 2013 to March 2020 at a single center. Results: Out of 134 patients, 97 (72.4%) were male with a mean age of 63.1 ± 12.9 years. The prevalence of IVUS in our center was 3.0%. The most frequent comorbidity observed was dyslipidemia, n = 111 (82.8%). Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, n = 50 (37.3%), was the common mode of presentation. On coronary angiogram, the left main (LM) disease was found in n = 46 (34.3%), however, single-vessel disease, n = 51 (38.1%), was most commonly noted. IVUS utilization was higher in the left anterior descending, n = 94 (70.1%), followed by LM, n = 46 (34.3%). The LM mean minimal luminal area was 6.0 ± 2.6 mm2 and minimal luminal diameter was 4.53 mm ± 0.6 (mean). The coronary artery dissection was noted in n = 15 (11.2%). The mean duration of follow-up in our study was 40.3 ± 30.1 months. Major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) were recorded in n = 13 (9.7%), which included heart failure, n = 4 (3%). Cardiovascular death and target vessel revascularization occurred in n = 3 (2.2%). Conclusion: IVUS results in a significant decrease in MACE. Our data might support the broader use of IVUS in both developed and in our part of the world.

Original languageEnglish
Article number42
JournalJournal of Clinical Imaging Science
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary artery dissection
  • Intravascular imaging

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