COHESION: a core outcome set for the treatment of neonatal encephalopathy

Fiona A. Quirke, Shabina Ariff, Malcolm R. Battin, Caitlin Bernard, Linda Biesty, Frank H. Bloomfield, Mandy Daly, Elaine Finucane, Patricia Healy, David M. Haas, Jamie J. Kirkham, Vincent Kibet, Sarah Koskei, Shireen Meher, Eleanor J. Molloy, Maira Niaz, Elaine Ní Bhraonáin, Christabell Omukagah Okaronon, Matthew J. Parkes, Farhana TabassumKaren Walker, James W.H. Webbe, Declan Devane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Heterogeneity in outcomes reported in trials of interventions for the treatment of neonatal encephalopathy (NE) makes evaluating the effectiveness of treatments difficult. Developing a core outcome set for NE treatment would enable researchers to measure and report the same outcomes in future trials. This would minimise waste, ensure relevant outcomes are measured and enable evidence synthesis. Therefore, we aimed to develop a core outcome set for treating NE. Methods: Outcomes identified from a systematic review of the literature and interviews with parents were prioritised by stakeholders (n = 99 parents/caregivers, n = 101 healthcare providers, and n = 22 researchers/ academics) in online Delphi surveys. Agreement on the outcomes was achieved at online consensus meetings attended by n = 10 parents, n = 18 healthcare providers, and n = 13 researchers/ academics. Results: Seven outcomes were included in the final core outcome set: survival; brain injury on imaging; neurological status at discharge; cerebral palsy; general cognitive ability; quality of life of the child, and adverse events related to treatment. Conclusion: We developed a core outcome set for the treatment of NE. This will allow future trials to measure and report the same outcomes and ensure results can be compared. Future work should identify how best to measure the COS. Impact: We have identified seven outcomes that should be measured and reported in all studies for the treatment of neonatal encephalopathy.Previously, a core outcome set for neonatal encephalopathy treatments did not exist.This will help to reduce heterogeneity in outcomes reported in clinical trials and other studies, and help researchers identify the best treatments for neonatal encephalopathy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


Dive into the research topics of 'COHESION: a core outcome set for the treatment of neonatal encephalopathy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this