Commercial vehicles and road safety in Pakistan: Exploring high-risk attributes among drivers and vehicles

Mohammed Umer Mir, Junaid Abdul Razzak, Khabir Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Road traffic injuries are on the rise in developing countries with a disproportionately high number of crashes involving commercial vehicles. Baseline information on risk factors is necessary to develop targeted prevention programmes. A survey of commercial drivers was conducted at the largest bus and truck station in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Structured interviews elicited information from 857 drivers on their socio-demographics, high-risk driving behaviours, fatigue, use of drugs while driving, vehicle maintenance and health conditions, as well as crash involvement. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the factors associated with crash involvement in the last five years. Overall, 92 (11.2%) drivers reported having had a road crash in the last 5 years. Factors independently associated with the occurrence of crashes were alcohol use (OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.1-4.4), poor vehicle maintenance (OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.7-7.01) and lack of seat belt use (OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.3-5.6). The high prevalence of high-risk attributes in the study population indicates a great need for targeted risk prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-338
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • RTI
  • commercial drivers
  • risk factors
  • road traffic crashes


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