Comparison of closed and open methods of pneumoperitonium in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Mohammad Akbar, Ishtiaq Ali Khan, Danish Naveed, Irfanuddin Khattak, Arshad Zafar, Muhammad Salim Wazir, Asif Nawaz Khan, Zia-ur-Rehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Pneumoperitonium is the first step in laparoscopic surgery including cholecystectomy. Two commonly used methods to create pneumoperitonium are closed and open technique. Both have advantages and disadvantages. The current study was designed to compare these two techniques in terms of safety and time required to complete the procedure. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled prospective study conducted at Department of Surgery, Ayub Hospital Complex Abbottabad, from 1st June 2007 to 31st May 2008. Randomization was done into two groups randomly using sealed envelopes containing the questionnaire. Seventy envelopes were kept in the cupboard, containing 35 proformas for group A and 35 for group B. An envelope was randomly fetched and opened upon selection of the patient after taking the informed consent. Pneumoperitonium was created by closed technique in group A, and by open technique in group B. Time required for successful pneumoperitonium was calculated in each group. Failure to induce pneumoperitonium was determined for each technique. Time required to close the wounds at completion, total operating time and injuries sustained during induction of pneumoperitonium were compared in both techniques. RESULT: Out of the total 70 patients included in study, 35 were in group A and 35 in group B. Mean time required for successful pneumoperitonium was 9.17 minutes in group A and 8.11 minutes in group B. Total operating time ranged from 55 minutes to 130 minutes in group A and from 45 minutes to 110 minutes in group B. Mean of total operating time was 78.34 and 67 minutes in group A and B respectively. Mean time needed to close the wound was 9.88 minutes in group A and 4.97 minutes in group B. Failure of technique was noted in three patients in group A while no failure was experienced in group B. In two cases in group A minor complications during creation of pneumoperitonium were observed while in group B no complication occurred. No patient died in the study. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded from this study that open technique of pneumoperitonium was, less time consuming and safer than the closed technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-89
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


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