BACKGROUND: To compare the Paediatric RIFLE (p-RIFLE) and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) definitions of acute kidney injury (AKI) for frequency of (AKI) and in-hospital mortality in critically ill children. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of all patients (aged 1 month - 16 years) admitted in Paediatric Intensive Care Unit from January 2015-December 2016, with length of stay >48 hours, was done. Patients with chronic kidney disease were excluded. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the performance of the p-RIFLE and KDIGO criteria to predict the AKI related mortality. Logistic regression analysis was done to determine the association of different variables with mortality in AKI patient based on p-RIFLE, KDIGO. A p-value of <0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Out of total 823 patients admitted during the study period, 562 patients were included in the study. Median age was 2 years (Interquartile range 8 years). Acute kidney injury frequency according to p-RIFLE and KDIGO were 391 (70%), and 372 (66%) respectively. Overall, 106/823 (12.8%) children died during study period, 78 (19.9%) in AKI by p-RIFLE and 76 (20.4%) in AKI by KDIGO died. The area-under- curve for in-hospital mortality for p-RIFLE and KDIGO criteria were 0.525 (p=0.427), and 0.534 (p=0.276), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: P-RIFLE is more sensitive compared to KDIGO in diagnosing AKI in critically ill children; identifying a greater number of moderate staged AKI cases. Greater AKI severity is associated with higher mortality in critically ill children.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2022|
- Acute kidney injury, Paediatric intensive care, p-RIFLE, KDIGO