Complementary Feeding Pattern and Nutritional Status of Children

Ramlah Mehmood, Khadija Nuzhat Humayun, Ali Faisal Saleem, Syeda Asma Sherazi, Nuzhat Asghar Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To determine the complementary feeding patterns and their association with malnutrition. Study Design: Prospective observational study. Place and Duration of the Study: Outpatient clinics of Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan, from June to November 2019. Methodology: A total of 207 children from age six to twenty-four months, who presented in the outdoor clinics of the study place, were enrolled. Data were recorded in a predesigned data sheet adopted from the infant and young child feeding module. Chi-square test was applied post-stratification and a p-value of <0.05 was taken as significant. Results: Among a total of 207 children, 115 (55.6%) were males and 92 (44.4%) were females, with a mean age of 14.15 ± 5.6 months. Complementary feeding was started at an appropriate age in 124 (60%) children. Normal weight was seen in 133 (64.3%) children, while 73 (35.3%) were underweight. Stunting was presented in 44 (21.3%) children, whereas 163 (78.7%) children were of normal length. The most common reason for early initiation of complementary feeding was difficulty in continuing to breastfeed (n=50, 24.2%); the most common reason behind late complementary feeding was bottle feeding (n=45, 21.7%). Conclusion: Only sixty percent of mothers living in an urban setting started complementary feeding at an appropriate age. Various myths are counteracting complementary feeding practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)775-778
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • Complementary feeding
  • Infant's nutrition
  • Stunting
  • Wasting
  • Z-score


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