Compliance with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for obstructive sleep apnea among privately paying patients-a cross sectional study

Fayyaz F. Hussain, Muhammad Irfan, Zeeshan Waheed, Naveen Alam, Saba Mansoor, Muhammad Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the compliance, benefits and side effects associated with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy among Pakistani patients treated for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in private sector. Methods: Patients diagnosed to have OSA based on overnight study who were recommended for CPAP therapy, between 1998 and 2003, were evaluated by telephonic survey and review of hospital notes. Compliance, benefits and side effects associated with CPAP therapy were assessed. Results: Out of 135 patients who were prescribed CPAP therapy, 75 could be contacted. Sixty (80%) started using CPAP within one month of diagnosis and 46 (61%) continued to use it long-term (beyond one year). Compliance with CPAP therapy was associated with higher body mass index, higher Epworth sleepiness scale score, history of witnessed apnea, and reduction in daytime sleepiness with CPAP therapy. OSA severity as assessed by apnea-hypopnea index did not affect compliance with CPAP therapy. Use of anti-depressants and CPAP induced sleep disturbances were associated with poor compliance with CPAP therapy. Conclusions: Obesity, excessive daytime sleepiness, witnessed apnea and improvement of daytime symptoms following use of CPAP were predictors of improved compliance. Use of antidepressants and CPAP induced sleep disturbances were predictors of poor compliance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number188
JournalBMC Pulmonary Medicine
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Compliance
  • Continuous positive airway pressure therapy
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Pakistan
  • Side effects

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