Congenital renal arteriovenous malformation: Transcatheter embolization with gelfoam

R. Ahmed, S. A.J. Naqvi, M. Shaikh, M. Azeemuddin, A. Mehmood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Congenital renal artenovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare lesions with a reported incidence of 0.04%. Although frequently silent, they may be associated with haematuria, cardiac failure due to increased cardiac output and hypertension due to renal ischaemia distal to the fistula Transcatheter arterial embolization with various temporary/permanent occlusive materials have been tried to treat symptomatic cases. We report here two cases of symptomatic congenital renal arteriovenous malformations presenting in adult males with frank haematuria. Gelfoam was used for embolization of the AVM. Both the cases had symptomatic relief. They have no further episode of haematuria for the last four and half years (case 1) and eight and half months (case 2). No immediate or delayed complications were noted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-187
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Artenovenous malformation
  • Embolization, therapeutic
  • Gelatin sponge, absorbable
  • Kidney


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