Consensus report: Preventive measures for Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever during Eid-al-Adha festival

Hakan Leblebicioglu, Mustafa Sunbul, Ziad A. Memish, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Hurrem Bodur, Aykut Ozkul, Ali Gucukoglu, Sadegh Chinikar, Zahra Hasan

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46 Citations (Scopus)


Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is endemic in Eurasian countries such as, Turkey, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran. CCHF virus is spread by the Hyalomma tick, which is found mainly on cattle and sheep. Muslim countries, in which these animals are sacrificed during Eid-Al-Adha, are among the countries where CCHF is endemic, and it has been observed that CCHF is associated with practices surrounding the Eid-ad-Adha festival. The dates for Eid-Al-Adha drift 10 days earlier in each year according to Georgian calendar. In previous years Eid-al-Adha occurred in autumn-winter months however in the next 10-15 years it will be take place in the summer months when CCHF is more prevalent. This may lead to a rise in the number of cases due to increased dissemination of CCHF virus with uncontrolled animal movements in and between countries. This consensus report focuses on the variable practices regarding animal handling in different regions and possible preventative measures to reduce the incidence of CCHF. Environmental hygiene and personal protection are essential parts of prevention. There is a need for international collaborative preparedness and response plans for prevention and management of CCHF during Eid-Al-Adha in countries where the disease is prevalent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-15
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2015


  • Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever
  • Eid-al-Adha
  • Eurasia
  • One health
  • Slaughtering
  • Zoonosis


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