Conservative management of significant supratentorial epidural hematomas in pediatric patients

Muhammad Babar Khan, Muhammad Riaz, Gohar Javed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Radiologically significant epidural hematomas are generally treated with craniotomy and evacuation. However, pediatric patients with such hematomas may have normal neurological examinations. We aim to report the presenting features, management, and outcomes of pediatric patients who underwent conservative management of such hematomas at our center and also show that serial neurological examinations are a safe and effective way of managing these patients. Methods: A retrospective review of pediatric patients with extradural hematoma (EDH) thickness of at least 1 cm and who were conservatively managed was performed. All patients were followed up in neurosurgery outpatient clinics after discharge at 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, and 1-year intervals. Detailed neurological examination was performed at each visit, and a standardized questionnaire was also used to document the parent's subjective opinion of the patient's quality of life. Results: A total of 17 patients satisfied the study criteria and were included. Conservative management was successful in 15 patients, while a craniotomy with evacuation of hematoma had to be performed in two patients. All patients had a GOS score of 5 on 1-year follow-up, had normal schooling, and reported complete satisfaction with the management protocol. Conclusion: Conservative treatment is an optimal treatment option, and patients can be followed safely using a protocol of serial neurological examinations. A center must have resources to perform a craniotomy with evacuation of EDH in case of neurological worsening and be able to provide trained staff to carry out serial neurological examinations before treating these patients conservatively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1249-1253
Number of pages5
JournalChild's Nervous System
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014


  • Complications
  • Conservative management
  • Craniotomy
  • Epidural hematoma
  • Pediatric patients
  • Safety
  • Treatment


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