Background: Puerperal group A streptococcus (GAS) infection, once the leading cause of postpartum sepsis, has been increasing again since the 1980s. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) is a serious complication characterized by rapidly spreading GAS infection, shock, and multiple organ failure. Immediate recognition and implementation of therapy is crucial for survival. Making informed decisions regarding surgical debridement, namely hysterectomy, based on clinical indicators is difficult for practitioners. Objectives: This article discusses the potential role of creatine kinase in the decision-making process for treatment of STSS, particularly with regard to hysterectomy. Material and Methods: A case report is presented. The literature was searched using the key words 'group A streptococcus', 'postpartum hysterectomy', 'creatine kinase', 'endomyometritis', and 'streptococcal toxic shock syndrome' in PubMed and the UptoDate database. Relevant articles published between 1991 and 2011 were evaluated. Conclusion: Decisions regarding hysterectomy in STSS management are difficult. A rise in CK levels in the serum may indicate involvement of the myometrium and may be an important parameter in the difficult decision of hysterectomy when treating STSS.
- Creatine kinase
- Group A streptococcus
- Postpartum hysterectomy
- Postpartum toxic shock syndrome
- Streptococcus pyogenes