Cystic echinococcosis (CE), or hydatid disease, is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) afflicting one million people globally. This study aims to elucidate the presentation, treatment and outcomes of the disease in Pakistan. A review of charts of 225 patients (median age = 42.3 years) with CE admitted at Aga Khan Hospital, Karachi during 2007–2017, was carried out. Abdominal pain was present in 34.7% followed by fever in 26.2%. There were 142 (63.1%) cases of hepatic cysts and 55 (24.4%) of pulmonary hydatid cysts. Combined surgical and medical therapy was given to 130 (57.8%) patients. Surgery only was performed in 23 (10.2%) patients, medical therapy only was given to 35 (15.6%) patients, and puncture, aspiration, injection and reaspiration (PAIR) with medical therapy was given to 15 (6.7%) patients. Recurrence occurred in 14 (6.2%) patients and mortality in 7 (3.1%) patients. Owing to its non-specific presentation, a high index of suspicion is required to diagnose and treat CE in a timely manner.
- Echinococcus granulosus infection
- Hydatid disease
- neglected tropical diseases
- parasitic diseases
- zoonotic disease