Defining the cultural milieu for implementing faculty practice in pakistan

Michele J. Upvall, Zeenatkhanu Kanji, Salma Jaffer, Khurshid Khowaja, Rubina Barolia, Yasmin Amarsi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Faculty practice can promote a collaborative partnership mutually beneficial to both nursing education and service. However, little is known about its implementation in developing countries. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential for introducing faculty practice within the cultural milieu of Karachi, Pakistan. Focus groups of nursing faculty, staff and students were conducted in various settings: government, semigovernment and private institutions to elicit the data. Data analysis revealed that a more comprehensive definition of faculty practice is needed that will provide the foundation for a culturally acceptable model of faculty practice in Pakistan. Hierarchy dominates the current cultural milieu and must be addressed before faculty practice can be implemented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-323
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Practice
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Faculty practice
  • Focus groups
  • Nursing education
  • Pakistan


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