Development and evaluation of an electrochemical biosensor for detection of dengue-specific igm antibody in serum samples

Om Parkash, Muhammad Amiruddin Abdullah, Chan Yean Yean, Shamala Devi Sekaran, Rafidah Hanim Shueb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dengue is an arbovirus disease transmitted mainly by Aedes mosquitoes. As dengue shares similar clinical symptoms with other infectious diseases, prompt and accurate diagnosis is pivotal to clinicians’ decisions on appropriate management. Conventional diagnostic tests to detect the dengue-specific IgM antibody are limited in their performance and ease of use. To address these issues, we developed and evaluated a biosensor based on screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) for the detection of dengue-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies. Various optimisations were performed in order to increase the sensitivity and specificity of the biosensor. For optimal and proper orientation of the paratope sites of goat anti-human IgM capture antibodies (GAHICA), various antibody techniques, including passive, covalent, protein A, protein G and streptavidin/biotin systems, were tested on the SPCEs. The assay reagents for the biosensor were also optimised prior to its evalu-ation. Analytical sensitivity evaluation was carried out using pooled sera, while analytical specificity evaluation was conducted on a panel of six non-dengue serum samples. Subsequently, diagnostic sensitivity and specificity evaluation were performed using 144 reference samples. Electrochemical current signals generated from H2 O2 catalysed by HRP-labelled anti-dengue detection antibodies were measured using the chronoamperometric technique. With a limit of detection (LOD) of 106 serum dilution, the analytical sensitivity of the developed biosensor was 10 times higher than commercial ELISA. The analytical specificity of this dengue IgM biosensor was 100%. Similarly, the biosensor’s diagnostic performance was 100% for sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV). These findings suggest that the developed biosensor has a great potential to be used to diagnose dengue after seroconversion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number33
JournalDiagnostics
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dengue IgM antibody
  • Electrochemical biosensor
  • Protein A/G
  • SPCEs
  • Streptavidin/biotin

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