Development and validation of the Kilifi Epilepsy Beliefs and Attitude Scale

Caroline K. Mbuba, Amina Abubakar, Sally Hartley, Peter Odermatt, Charles R. Newton, Julie A. Carter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Epilepsy remains misunderstood, particularly in resource poor countries (RPC). We developed and validated a tool to assess beliefs and attitudes about epilepsy among people with epilepsy (PWE) in Kilifi, Kenya. The 50-item scale was developed through a literature review and qualitative study findings, and its reliability and validity were assessed with 673 PWE. A final scale of 34 items had Cronbach's alpha scores for the five subscales: causes of epilepsy (α = 0.71); biomedical treatment of epilepsy (α = 0.70); cultural treatment of epilepsy (α = 0.75); risk and safety concerns about epilepsy (α = 0.56); and negative attitudes about epilepsy (α = 0.76) and entire scale (α = 0.70). Test-retest reliability was acceptable for all the subscales. The Kilifi Epilepsy Beliefs and Attitude Scale is a reliable and valid tool that measures beliefs and attitudes about epilepsy. It may be useful in other RPC or as a tool to assess the effectiveness of interventions to improve knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes about epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-487
Number of pages8
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Africa
  • Attitudes
  • Beliefs
  • Epilepsy
  • Stigma


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