Development of cefotaxime impregnated chitosan as nano-antibiotics: De Novo Strategy to Combat Biofilm Forming Multi-drug Resistant Pathogens

Bushra Jamil, Huma Habib, Shahid A. Abbasi, Ayesha Ihsan, Habib Nasir, Muhammad Imran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Frequent incidents of antibiotic-resistant biofilm forming pathogens in community-associated and hospital-acquired infections have become a global concern owing to failure of conventional therapies. Nano-antibiotics (NABs) are de novo tools to overcome the multi-drug resistant mechanisms employed by the superbugs. Inhibition of biofilm formation is one of those strategies to curb multi drug resistance phenomenon. In the current study, the anti-biofilm and antibacterial potential of newly synthesized cefotaxime loaded chitosan based NABs have been investigated. Both bare and cefotaxime loaded NABs were prepared by ionotropic gelation method. They were found carrying positive zeta potential of more than +50 mV, indicating highly stable nano-dispersion. Moreover, microscopic studies revealed their size as less than 100 nm. NABs were tested against clinical isolates of multi drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and wherein they demonstrated broad-spectrum anti-biofilm and anti-pathogenic activity. Thus, in vitro synergistic action of cephalosporin drugs and chitosan polymer at nano-scale in contrast to free antibiotics can be an improved broad-spectrum strategy to thwart resistance mechanisms in both Gram-positive and Gram-negative resistant pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Article number330
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume7
Issue numberMAR
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biofilm
  • Cephalosporins
  • Chitosan nano-carriers
  • Drug resistance
  • Growth kinetics
  • Zeta potential

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