Diagnostic TCD for intracranial stenosis in acute stroke patients: Experience from a tertiary care stroke center in Karachi, Pakistan

Ayeesha Kamran Kamal, Hasan Rehman, Nasir Mustafa, Bilal Ahmed, Mohammad Jan, Faisal Wadivalla, Syed Kamran

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Stroke is a common cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. Intracranial large artery atherosclerosis (ICAD) is a frequent etiology of stroke in the South Asian population. There is a need for widely available screening tools to identify patients that are at high risk of stroke due to ICAD for aggressive risk management. This study describes the experience of using the transcranial Doppler (TCD) as a screening tool for this purpose at a tertiary care hospital in a developing country. Methods: 86 Patients admitted with stroke due to ICAD underwent TCD for six arteries (Right and left middle cerebral arteries, right and left anterior cerebral arteries, right and left posterior cerebral arteries) in addition to the magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) that is done routinely at the stroke center. Arteries were labeled with either <50 or >50% stenosis by TCD using two separate criteria. These findings were compared with those from the MRA which was used as the gold standard. The proportion of patients that had complete exams (all six arteries insonated by TCD) was reported. The success rate of each TCD criteria in detecting arteries with >50% stenosis was also calculated. Results: There was an attempt to visualize 516 arteries (86 patients with 6 arteries each) of which 375 (72.7%) were successfully insonated. 38 of the 86 (55.8%) patients had complete examinations. MRA reported 43 (8.3%) arteries as stenosed >50%. The TCD did not categorize any artery as stenosed using either criterion and hence failed to classify any stenosed artery correctly. The positive predictive and sensitivity was 0 for this study and the negative predictive value was 93.3%. Conclusions: This study indicates the poor sensitivity of TCD to be a reliable screening tool for the presence of ICAD in the South Asian population in a real life clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number341
JournalBMC Research Notes
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2015


  • Cerebral infarction prevention
  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Intracranial stenosis
  • Magnetic resonance angiography
  • Transcranial Doppler


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