Objective: To determine the role of dual phase 99mTc-MIBI scintimammography in predicting chemotherapeutic response in breast cancer. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Karachi Institute of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (KIRAN), from September 2004 to March 2005. Methodology: Female patients with locally advanced breast cancer being planned for the anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy were included in this study. All subjects received a 740 MBq bolus intravenous injection of 99mTc-MIBI. Ten minutes and 3 hours post-injection planar images were obtained in prone, lateral and supine positions using double head gamma camera. MIBI washout was scored as follows: >30% as a positive prognostic test (predicting a poor response to chemotherapy) and <30% as negative prognostic test (predicting a good response to chemotherapy). Qualitative analysis of MIBI scans was also performed and categorized as visual wash-out or no visual washout as apparent on the early and delayed images. The criterion for the good and bad response was the reduction of >50% and <50% in the tumour burden respectively. Accuracy analysis, Chi-square test and Wilcoxan sign rank test were applied. Results: There were 32 females (mean age: 46.3 years; median age 46 years; age range 33-65 years). Quantitative dual phase 99mTc-MIBI scintimammography was found to be a good predictor of chemotherapeutic response in breast cancer. These were true positive in 8 patients and true negative in 19 patients with sensitivity (Sens.) 72%, specificity (Spec.) 90%, Positive Predictive Value (PPV) 80%, Negative Predictive Value (NPV) 86.5%, p <0.03. Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curve analysis demonstrates 30% as a cut-off value for the wash-out in quantitative dual phase MIBI for the prediction of the chemotherapeutic response. In comparison, qualitative scintimammography had Sens. 82%, Spec. 53%, PPV 29%, NPV 93% and p <0.38. Statistical difference was found between early and delayed uptake ratios in the responders and non-responders. Conclusion: Quantitative dual phase 99mTc-MIBI scintimammography is a simple, reliable, non-invasive and effective tool for predicting the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Furthermore, quantitative assessment is more precise than qualitative (visual wash-out) approach.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2009|
- Breast cancer
- Multidrug resistance
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy