Early tranexamic acid in traumatic brain injury: Evidence for an effective therapy

Syed Sarmad Bukhari, Rashid Jooma

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The guidelines for management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) are based largely on measures to maintain an optimum internal milieu for prevention of secondary brain injury and enhancing recovery. One of the most common reasons for worsening outcomes following TBI is expanding intracranial haematoma which is compounded by the fibrinolytic physiology that follows TBI. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has a time tested role in preventing poor outcomes linked to excessive haemorrhage in trauma patients. Historically, patients with isolated head trauma were excluded from TXA use due to a theoretical increased risk of thrombosis. Recent evidence that redefines the beneficial role of early TXA administration in preventing mortality amongst patients with TBI is now at hand and offers a real prospect of a pharmacological intervention that would be adopted as a recommendation based on Class l evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S49-S52
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • Brain Injuries
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Tranexamic Acid
  • Traumatic


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