Effect of a two-day extensive continuing medical education course on participants’ knowledge of clinical and operative urology

Syed Muhammad Nazim, Qamar Riaz, Muhammad Hammad Ather

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Continuing Medical Education (CME) is an established method for facilitating the lifelong learning and developing knowledge, skills and attitudes to ensure delivery of a medical care which is up-to-date, evidence based, safe and patient-centered. An extensive 2 day urology course was conducted to meet the needs of learners. The purpose of the current study was to measure the effect of this CME activity on the knowledge of the participants.Material and methods: This quasi-experimental, single group pre-, and post-test study measured the gain in learning as a result of the two-day extensive CME course conducted by the section of Urology at Department of Surgery, the Aga Khan University, Karachi-Pakistan. Gain in knowledge, defined as the difference between the pre-test and the post-test scores, was taken as a measure of course effectiveness. The test comprised of 40 one-best type carefully constructed multiple choice questions (MCQs). Item analyses were also performed.Results: Forty-five out of a total of 70 participants from within and outside the city completed both pre and post-tests and were included in the study. The mean age of the subjects was 33.3+6.7 years. Of these 45 participants, 68.9% (n=31) of them were trainees at different levels. Mean gain in knowledge was 12.7±6.8% (p<0.01; 95% CI: 4.17-5.79). Mean test scores improved significantly from 37.8±11.3% to 50.3±10.8%. Difference in pre and post scores due to age, gender, practice type or years since start of training was not significant. The reliability of the test using Cronbach’s α was 0.634.Conclusion: CME sessions when designed and delivered carefully are effective means of increasing the knowledge significantly. Pre-and post-test is a reliable and valid strategy to measure gain in participants' knowledge.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-489
Number of pages6
JournalTurkish Journal of Urology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Continuing medical education
  • Pre and post-test
  • Reliability
  • Urology


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